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Loud and Clear: Effective Language of Instruction Policies for Learning
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Washington, D.C. | 2021 | 101 p.
Corporate author: 
World Bank
© World Bank 2021

This paper describes the new World Bank policy approach on language of instruction(LoI), as part of the operationalization of the literacy policy package in support of the Bank’s new learning target. This new approach aims to support progress on language of instruction(LoI) Policies and interventions, as loi-based challenges are identified and addressed in light of each country’s context.


Resource Type: 
Policy and strategy materials
Cultural literacy / Intercultural / Cross-cultural / Multi-cultural
Multilingual / Bilingual / Mother tongue
Level of education: 
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
Primary education
Secondary education


Intercultural education; Multilingual education; Language education